Sericulture in Warangal is a sustainable farm based economic enterprise positively favoring the rural poor in the unorganized sector because of its relatively low requirement of fixed capital, and higher returns at frequent intervals on investment. One acre of mulberry generates a steady income to a farmer with an average of Rs.75,000/-annually in 4 to 5 crops. The industry has an immense potential of generating employment for not less than (5) persons per acre throughout the year, both directly and indirectly. An important feature of Sericulture industry is involvement of female labour for more than 60% in silkworm rearing and cocoon reeling, which are critical operations in the silk production.
In Warangal District both Mulberry and tasar silk is produced by the farmers. Mulberry silk is produced by the farmers by raising mulberry plantations and conducting silk worm rearings in their holdings. Tasar being the forest based activity is practiced by the tribals and other down trodden communities on the Nallamaddi and Erumaddi trees in the forest areas. The Department arrange the required inputs and extend technical guidance to the farmers from time to time.
Sericulture - A preferred alternate cash crop to the water stressed areas:
Sericulture gets regular monthly income to the sericulture farmers
Sericulture is a predominantly a women-centric and economic cash crop.
Mulberry crop has less demand on chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Suitable for small and marginal farmers, having limited land holdings.
Mulberry crop also a good fodder crop and can be linked to dairy development i.e Silk to Milk.
Mulberry can be grown as an intercrop with other Horticulture crops